Pitfalls of selected observation and over-generalization

I’ve prepared an illustration, which tries to illustrate why and how people may get so different opinions about the same real-world phenomena. The explanation is based on two pitfalls common also in scientific research: selected observation and over-generalization.

Selective observation and over-generalization

As evident from figure, two individuals (person A and person B) may observe the same group of people in real-world via different media, where the focuses of individual media may differ (intentionally or accidentally). Based on media reports, individuals get skewed illustration of a real phenomena and consequently perform generalizations based on a skewed image. Now, two individuals may have completely different images of the same real-world situation and by disseminating their opinion via social media, their images may attract people with the same attitude. As a result, conflict between “believers” may occur.

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